Install the Anbox Cloud Appliance

The Anbox Cloud Appliance provides a deployment of Anbox Cloud to a single machine. This offering is well suited for initial prototype and small scale deployments.

Note: There are differences between the Anbox Cloud Appliance and the full Anbox Cloud installation (see Variants). This section focuses on the Anbox Cloud Appliance. For instructions on how to install Anbox Cloud, see How to install Anbox Cloud.

This tutorial guides you through the steps that are required to install and initialise the Anbox Cloud Appliance, either from the AWS Marketplace or from the snap:

  1. Check the prerequisites
  2. Install the appliance
  3. Initialise the appliance
  4. Register with the dashboard

Check the prerequisites

Before you start the installation, ensure that you have the required accounts and prerequisites. The prerequisites differ depending on if you install from the AWS Marketplace or if you install the snap.

Prerequisites when installing from the AWS Marketplace

Make sure you have the following accounts:

  • An Ubuntu SSO account. If you don’t have one yet, create it here.
  • An AWS account that you use to buy a subscription to the Anbox Cloud Appliance.

    Note: The quota for your AWS account must be sufficient for the instance types that you plan to use.

Prerequisites when installing the snap

Make sure you have the following prerequisites:

  • An Ubuntu SSO account. If you don’t have one yet, create it here.
  • A virtual or bare metal machine running Ubuntu 20.04. See the detailed requirements here.

    Note: The Anbox Cloud Appliance is currently supported on AWS and Oracle Cloud (OCI). Official support for other clouds, namely Azure and Google Cloud, will be added soon.

  • Your Ubuntu Advantage for Applications token. If you don’t have one yet, speak to your Canonical representative. If you already have a UA Applications token, sign in on to retrieve it.

    Warning: The Ubuntu Advantage for Infrastructure token that every user gets for free for personal use does NOT work and will result in a failed deployment. You must purchase a Ubuntu Advantage for Applications subscription by contacting Canonical.

Install the appliance

The Anbox Cloud Appliance is available through the AWS Marketplace and as a snap.

Install from the AWS Marketplace

Note: Skip this section when installing the snap.

Installing the Anbox Cloud Appliance through the AWS Marketplace simplifies the installation and deployment process and allows billing to be handled directly through AWS.

AWS supports running the Anbox Cloud Appliance on the AWS Graviton Arm-based instances or on x86 instances. Before installing the appliance, decide which architecture you want to use. The appliance supports the same set of features on both architectures, but you should factor in the following aspects:

  • AWS Graviton (Arm) and x86 offer equal performance for Android applications.
  • GPUs are available for both x86 and AWS Graviton (Arm).

    Note: To use GPUs with AWS Graviton (Arm), you must select a G5g instance. This instance type might not be available in all regions.

  • Not all Android applications support the x86 ABI. Therefore, some applications can run only on Arm.

For detailed information about the offering, see the following pages on the AWS Marketplace:

The following instructions guide you through all relevant steps to deploy the Anbox Cloud Appliance in your AWS account. For additional information, see the AWS documentation about launching an instance.

The entire deployment process will take 10-15 minutes, depending on the selected hardware and the network conditions.

Before you start

Deploying the Anbox Cloud Appliance requires some familiarity with AWS. In particular, you should be familiar with:

  • Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2), for basic EC2 configuration
  • Amazon Elastic Block Storage (Amazon EBS), for configuring the EC2 instance storage and managing encryption
  • Amazon Virtual Private Cloud (Amazon VPC), for configuring an internet facing subnet and a security group

The appliance uses the following billable services by AWS:

  • EC2 and Marketplace appliance (see the AWS Marketplace product page for costs)
  • Network egress

You do not need to request an increase in limits for your AWS account for this deployment.

1. Start the launch wizard

Open the Amazon EC2 console and log in.

On the EC2 dashboard, click Launch Instance to start the Launch Instance Wizard.

Note: You should go through all steps in the wizard before launching the instance. In most steps, you can accept the default configuration, but you must configure the required storage for the instance. Therefore, do not click Review and Launch until you reach the final page of the wizard.

2. Select the AMI

To select the Amazon Machine Image (AMI), type “Anbox Cloud” in the search field.

Choose either the Arm variant or the x86 variant and click Select.

You will be presented with the pricing information. Click Continue to confirm.

3. Choose an instance type

AWS offers various instance types. The Anbox Cloud Appliance images are listed for a subset of the available instance types only.

Select the instance type that is most suitable for what you’re planning to do. For example, if you just want to try out the Anbox Cloud Appliance, an instance type with GPU support and limited CPU and memory is sufficient. See the Requirements for the minimum hardware requirements.

In this example, we picked g4dn.2xlarge, which provides 8 vCPUs, 32 GB of memory and a single NVIDIA Tesla T4 GPU.

Click Next: Configure Instance Details to continue.

4. Configure the instance details

You do not need to customise any of the settings in the instance details, but you can fine-tune things. For example, you might want to put the instance onto a different VPC or subnet.

Click Next: Add Storage to continue.

5. Add storage

The Anbox Cloud instance requires sufficient storage to work correctly. The root disk should have at minimum 50 GB and for best performance, you should create an additional EBS volume of at least 50 GB. Anbox Cloud uses the additional volume exclusively to store all of its data, including containers. Using a separate volume isolates it from the operating system, which increases performance. If no additional EBS volume is added, the Anbox Cloud Appliance automatically creates an image on the root disk, which is used to store any data. However, this is not recommended.

In this example, we use three storage volumes:

  • /dev/sda1 as root disk with a size of 50 GB.
  • An ephemeral /dev/nvme0n1 disk (part of the g4dn instance), which is ignored by the Anbox Cloud Appliance.
  • /dev/sdb as EBS volume with a size of 100 GB.

If you don’t have any specific requirements, we recommend choosing the same configuration.

Click Next: Add Tags and then Next: Configure Security Group to continue.

6. Configure the security group

To allow external access, you must open several ports in the security group attached to the AWS instance. The AMI already comes with the required configuration, so you don’t need to do any changes. For reference, all required ports are documented here.

Click Review and Launch to continue.

7. Review and launch

You should now review the instance configuration. If everything is correct, click Launch.

You are prompted to select a key pair. You can choose an existing key pair or create one if you don’t have one yet. Make sure to save the private key in a secure location.

Click Launch Instances to continue. AWS will verify your configuration, subscribe you to the product and launch the instance.

When the instance is successfully launched, you can find its public IP address in the instance details page. Use this IP address or the corresponding DNS name to access the status web page (in the following steps referred to as https://your-machine-address).

Next, continue with the instructions in Initialise the appliance.

Install the snap

Note: Skip this section when installing from the AWS Marketplace.

The following instructions guide you through all relevant steps to install the Anbox Cloud Appliance from the snap.

1. Attach your machine to the UA subscription

The Anbox Cloud Appliance requires a valid Ubuntu Advantage for Applications subscription.

Before installing the appliance, you must attach the machine on which you’re running the Anbox Cloud Appliance to your Ubuntu Advantage for Applications subscription. To do so, run the following command, replacing <UA_token> with your Ubuntu Advantage for Applications token:

sudo ua attach <UA_token>

2. Install the snap

Run the following command to install the anbox-cloud-appliance snap, which handles the installation and deployment of the Anbox Cloud Appliance:

sudo snap install --classic anbox-cloud-appliance

3. Install additional tools

The appliance requires a few additional tools. Run the following commands to install them:

sudo snap install amc
sudo snap install --classic --channel=2.9/stable juju

Note: See Juju version for information about which Juju version is required for your version of Anbox Cloud.

Initialise the appliance

After the installation, access https://your-machine-address. This web page provides status information for the following initialisation process.

Note: By default, the Anbox Cloud Appliance uses self-signed certificates, which might cause a security warning in your browser. Use the mechanism provided by your browser to proceed to the web page.

The following instructions guide you through all relevant steps to initialise the Anbox Cloud Appliance.

1. Log on to the machine

Log on to the machine that hosts the appliance. If you installed on an AWS instance, note that you must use the user name ubuntu and provide the path to your private key file when connecting. See Connect to your Linux instance using SSH for instructions on how to connect.

2. Update your system

Run the following commands to ensure that all installed packages on your system are up-to-date:

sudo apt update
sudo apt upgrade

3. Start the initialisation process

Invoke the initialisation process of the Anbox Cloud Appliance:

sudo anbox-cloud-appliance init

You will be asked a few questions. If you don’t want to make any specific changes, you can safely stay with the offered default answers.

Welcome to the Anbox Cloud Appliance!

The following questions will guide you through the initial setup of the
appliance. If you don't care about answering any of them you can just
accept the defaults.

For any further questions please have a look a the official Anbox Cloud
documentation at

Both the containers used to deploy the control plane services of the
Anbox Cloud Appliance and the ones used for the actual Android instances
require storage. Choosing an appropriate storage device and size will
affect both performance and density. By default each Android instance
will occupy 3GB of disk storage. Depending on the number of containers
you intend to run you should calculate:

storage size = 15 GB (for the OS) + 3GB * number of Android instances

Anbox Cloud uses ZFS under the hood for the LXD storage pool which
implements deduplication, so the actual space occupied later will be
less but may grow up to the maximum in some cases.

If you don't choose to use a dedicated block storage device the
appliance will allocate an on-disk image on the root disk of the
instance it's running on. You can influence the size of the image
by specifying a custom size.

If you don't specify a block device or a custom size, the appliance
will decide automatically on the location and best size for the LXD
storage pool.

Do you want to use a dedicated block storage device? [default=yes]
What is the path to the block storage device?  [default=/dev/nvme1n1]

Is the appliance deployed behind a NAT and should be available on a public address? [default=yes]
Do you have a DNS name you want to use instead of the IP address? [default=yes]
Which DNS name you want to use (e.g.  []

Do you want to add support for monitoring? [default=yes]

Configuration completed. Do you want to initiate the bootstrap process now? [default=yes]

Everything configured, starting the bootstrap process now. You can
watch for progress updates

After the command has returned, the initialisation process will run fully automatically in the background. You can watch the status web page at https://your-machine-address for progress information.

Alternatively, use the anbox-cloud-appliance status command to monitor the progress information on the command line.

status: initializing
progress: 60
update-available: false
reboot-needed: false

Register with the dashboard

Once the initialisation process has finished, you are presented with a welcome page on https://your-machine-address with instructions on how to register a user account with your installation. This registration is needed to access the web dashboard.

1. Register your Ubuntu SSO account

Register your Ubuntu SSO account by running the following command via SSH on the machine that hosts the appliance:

anbox-cloud-appliance dashboard register <your Ubuntu SSO email address>

The output provides a link that you must open in your web browser to finish the account creation. By default, the registration link expires after one hour. After registering, you can log into the appliance dashboard with your Ubuntu SSO account.


Your Anbox Cloud Appliance is now fully set up and ready to be used! Next, you should check out the Get started with Anbox Cloud (web dashboard) or the Get started with Anbox Cloud (CLI) tutorial to familiarise yourself with how to use Anbox Cloud.

You can find more information about how to use the appliance in the documentation. The appliance installation is nearly identical to installing via Juju, so all the commands and examples not relating directly to Juju will apply.

If you want to increase the capacity of your Anbox Cloud Appliance deployment, you can add more machines to it. See How to join a machine to the Anbox Cloud Appliance for instructions.

Last updated 9 days ago.